Help Your Students A.C.E. Response to Text Writing
Students are constantly asked to respond to text. Whether reading literature or nonfiction, students need to know how to write a response to text to demonstrate a deeper understanding of the reading.
When students give a short answer response to a text, they often give the shortest answer possible.
However, its not completely their fault because this is how students have been trained. They are used to simply answering the question.
In order for students to learn to effectively write responses to text, we must teach them how to cite evidence and explain it.
Here is an easy formula to teach students how to write an effective response to text.
The technique is called ACE.
- Answer the question (what do you think?)
- Cite evidence (prove it)
- Explain or Extend the thinking (how does the evidence support what you think?)
When students follow this format, they learn:
- to give detailed and specific answers to questions related to text
- to find evidence in the reading and cite it to support their answer
- to explain how the evidence supports their answer
This format helps to move kids past the one-sentence answer to an more in-depth response.
Steps to A.C.E. Response to Text Writing
1. (A) Answer the question
This is the first step with responding to text and usually this is as far as students go. They give an answer, but they don’t support their answer with evidence from the text. Teach students to answer the question using a complete sentence (which usually requires them to restate the question).
I found the following question on Readworks.org (which is a spectacular FREE resource for educators). It includes many free articles (both fiction and nonfiction) with question sets. This question was part of the article: “Why is the Moon so Scarred with Craters?”
Explain what you think the moon's surface will look like in a million years if astroids and meteors stopped hitting its surface? Support your answer with evidence from the text.
A: Answer the Question
Here is a potential answer:
I think the moon’s surface will continue to look bumpy and rough in a million years even if astroids and meteors stop hitting its surface.
Usually, this is as far as students take the response. However, now we need to find evidence from the text that supports this answer.
2. (C) Cite evidence
This is the second step. Students need to find a quote from the text that supports their answer. I encourage students to write the direct quote and not summarize. The summary comes in the Explain or Extend portion of the response.
C: Cite Evidence
According to the text, “Pretty much any tiny dent made on the moon’s surface is going to stay there.”
Now that I have answered the question and provided evidence from the text to support my claim, I need to explain how the quote relates to my answer.
3. (E) Explain or Extend
Finally, students need to explain how the quote supports their answer. They shouldn’t just summarize the quote or simply restate their answer, they must use a combination of the two. This is the most difficult step for students and usually needs lots of opportunities to practice. I also like to encourage them to use the word “because” in this part of their response to show they are explaining.
E: Explain or Extend
This shows that craters will remain on the moon forever because previous collisions left permanent marks that will not disappear. Even if astroids and meteors stop hitting the moon’s surface, the moon will never look smooth.
Sample Response to Text
Now students have a short answer response to text that demonstrates a knowledge of the text, provides evidence, and explains the answer. The complete response after going through the ACE writing would be:
I think the moon’s surface will continue to look bumpy and rough in a million years even if astroids and meteors stop hitting its surface. According to the text, “Pretty much any tiny dent made on the moon’s surface is going to stay there.” This shows that craters will remain on the moon forever because previous collisions left permanent marks that will not disappear. Even if astroids and meteors stop hitting the moon’s surface, the moon will never look smooth.
With practice, you will help students improve their response to text writing.
I’m Whitney Ebert, founder of The Primary Professor. As you may have guessed, teaching young authors to develop their craft and feel confident in their writing skills is kind of my thing.
I have 10+ years teaching experience in elementary education, and I've taught every grade level from kindergarten to sixth grade (except first). My teaching passions include interest-based learning, creative technology, project based learning, and building confident writers. Additionally, I have my M.S. in Instructional Media, so I frequently incorporate digital flare into projects and writing assignments.
I live in a sunny beach town with my husband, preschooler and baby. When I'm not teaching, blogging, or designing new lesson plans, you can find me at the beach with the family.
Find out more about The Primary Professor at: www.theprimaryprofessor.com